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名人介紹

亞當•史密斯 Adam Smith (17231790)

-         提出一個謎題:鑽石的價格為何比水還高,難道鑽石的價值比水更高嗎?

Raised a question: Why do diamonds have a higher price than water? Do diamonds have a higher value than water?

 

費沙 Irving Fisher (18671947)

-         人總是急不及待要消費。人們願意為提早得到資源而甘心付價,而所付之價便是利息。

People always want to consume earlier. People are willing to pay a price for earlier availability. The price paid is called interest.

 

高斯 R.H. Coase (19102013)

-         1991年諾貝爾經濟學奬得主

Awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1991

-         1937年發表一篇論文<公司性質>,提出交易成本的概念來解釋公司的存在。

published an article called ‘The Nature of the Firm’ in 1937 where he used the concept of transaction costs to explain the existence of firms.

-         高斯亦於1960年發表一篇論文<社會成本問題> ,闡述有關界外影響的問題。

published The Problem of Social Cost in 1960 on externalities.

 

佛利民Milton Friedman (19122006)

-         1976年諾貝爾經濟學奬得主

-         1976年指出:「世上沒有免費午餐」。

pointed out in 1976, ‘There’s no such thing as a free lunch’.

 

貝加 Gary S. Becker (1930年- )

-         1992年諾貝爾經濟學奬得主

Awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1992

-         1960年指出,隨着經濟發展,家庭收入不斷上升,父母重視子女的質素多於子女的數目,所以富裕的地區的出生率下降。

pointed out in 1960 that as the economy developed, family income kept increasing. It was the quality rather than the number of children that parent emphasized. Thus, the birth rates of wealthy regions fell.

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